Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Science. 1988 May 6;240(4853):781-4.

Hand of Paranthropus robustus from Member 1, Swartkrans: fossil evidence for tool behavior.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, State University of New York, Stony Brook 11794-8081.


New hand fossils from Swartkrans (dated at about 1.8 million years ago) indicate that the hand of Paranthropus robustus was adapted for precision grasping. Functional morphology suggests that Paranthropus could have used tools, possibly for plant procurement and processing. The new fossils further suggest that absence of tool behavior was not responsible for the demise of the "robust" lineage. Conversely, these new fossils indicate that the acquisition of tool behavior does not account for the emergence and success of early Homo.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center