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Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2019 Jul;12(7):e005493. doi: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.119.005493. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Michigan Stroke Transitions Trial.

Author information

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Human Medicine (M.J.R., M.C.F., M.N.), Michigan State University, East Lansing.
School of Social Work, College of Social Science (A.T.W., A.K.H., P.P.F.), Michigan State University, East Lansing.
Department of Information Technologies, HEC, Montréal, Canada (C.K.C.).
Usability/Accessibility Research and Consulting, University Outreach and Engagement (S.J.S.), Michigan State University, East Lansing.



To test whether access to home-based social worker-led case management (SWCM) program or SWCM program combined with a website providing stroke-related information improves patient-reported outcomes in patients with stroke, relative to usual care.


The MISTT (Michigan Stroke Transitions Trial), an open (unblinded) 3-group parallel-design clinical trial, randomized 265 acute patients with stroke to 3 treatment groups: Usual Care (group-1), SWCM (group-2), and SWCM+MISTT website (group-3). Patients were discharged directly home or returned home within 4 weeks of discharge to a rehabilitation facility. The SWCM program provided in-home and phone-based case management services. The website provided patient-orientated information covering stroke education, prevention, recovery, and community resources. Both interventions were provided for up to 90 days. Outcomes data were collected by telephone at 7 and 90 days. Primary patient-reported outcomes included Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Global-10 Quality-of-Life (Physical and Mental Health subscales) and the Patient Activation Measure. Treatment efficacy was determined by comparing the change in mean response (90 days minus 7 days) between the 3 treatment groups using a group-by-time interaction. Subjects were aged 66 years on average, 49% were female, 21% nonwhite, and 86% had ischemic stroke. There were statistically significant changes in Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Physical Health ( P=0.003) and Patient Activation Measure ( P=0.042), but not Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Mental Health ( P=0.56). The mean change in Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Physical Health scores for group-3 (SWCM+MISTT Website) was significantly higher than both group-2 (SWCM; difference, +2.4; 95% CI, 0.46-4.34; P=0.02) and group-1 (usual care; difference, +3.4; 95% CI, 1.41-5.33; P<0.001). The mean change in Patient Activation Measure scores for group-3 was significantly higher than group-2 (+6.7; 95% CI, 1.26-12.08; P=0.02) and marginally higher than group-1 (+5.0; 95% CI, -0.47 to 10.52; P=0.07).


An intervention that combined SWCM with access to online stroke-related information produced greater gains in patient-reported physical health and activation compared with usual care or case management alone. There was no intervention effect on mental health.


URL: . Unique identifier: NCT02653170.


case management; clinical trial; patient reported outcomes; social worker; stroke; transitional care

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