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J Immunol. 1988 May 1;140(9):2956-63.

Induction and functional characterization of class II MHC (Ia) antigens on murine keratinocytes.

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  • 1Dermatology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892.


To induce Ia molecules on the surface of murine keratinocytes (KC), healthy mice were treated daily with i.p. injections of rIFN-gamma at a dose of 50,000 U/day for 6 days. This resulted in strong Ia expression by KC as determined by immunofluorescence of epidermal sheets or cell suspensions with anti-class II mAb. To obtain a population of Ia-bearing KC devoid of Langerhans cells, a method of depleting Langerhans cells from such suspensions was developed. Although Ia+ KC were unable to stimulate allogeneic T cells in a primary epidermal cell-lymphocyte reaction (less than 5% control), they did induce a proliferative response in an allospecific T cell line. Ia+ KC were unable to present native peptide molecules to class II restricted, Ag-specific T cell hybridomas. However, Ia+ KC were able to present a peptide fragment of pigeon cytochrome c to a hybridoma, suggesting that although these cells cannot process native protein Ag, they can present antigenic peptides. Ia+ (but not Ia-) KC also served as targets for class II restricted cytolytic T cell clones. These data indicate that the Ia expressed by KC is a functional molecule, and that Ia+ KC can participate in some immunologic reactions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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