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J Hum Reprod Sci. 2019 Apr-Jun;12(2):130-135. doi: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_168_18.

Evaluation of Periodontal Status among Men Undergoing Infertility Treatment.

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Department of Periodontics, Sharavathi Dental College and Hospital, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.



It has been estimated that >30% of male infertility cases are of idiopathic etiology. Recent studies revealed a positive connection between periodontal pockets and sperm submotility, which proposes that periodontitis may have a role in male infertility and inadequate semen quality. The aim of the present investigation was to inspect the relationship between male fertility parameters and the periodontal status of male patients attending in vitro treatment (IVF) clinic.

Materials and Methods:

The study participants comprised 85 men going to the facility for sperm investigation before semen insemination. The nature of sperm was surveyed by the WHO 2010 criteria. On the same day, male patients were examined for periodontal parameters.


The patients were determined to have either gingivitis (24.7%) or periodontitis (75.3%). Normospermia was credited to 23.5% and oligozoospermia to 43.5%. Sperm submotility was seen in 76.4% of patients. A higher number of sites with clinical attachment loss showed a positive correlation with sperm submotility and sperm count.


The findings of the present study showed a conceivable relationship between male infertility, decreased semen quality, and periodontal diseases in men visiting IVF centers. Periodontitis may subsequently play a role in male infertility.


Clinical attachment level; fertility; gingival inflammation; periodontitis; sperm motility

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