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J Hum Reprod Sci. 2019 Apr-Jun;12(2):98-103. doi: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_157_18.

Clinical Outcome Analysis and Correlation of Reproductive Outcome with Endometriosis Fertility Index in Laparoscopically Managed Endometriosis Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Background:

Laparoscopy is important for management of endometriosis patients with estimation of endometriosis fertility index (EFI) which can predict reproductive outcome.

Aims:

This study aims to evaluate clinical outcome in laparoscopically managed pelvic endometriosis and correlation of reproductive outcome with EFI.

Setting and Design:

Retrospective cohort study carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Materials and Methods:

Our study included 123 patients who had undergone laparoscopic management of endometriosis from January 2017 to March 2018. Case files were retrieved and meticulously analyzed. All patients were contacted and interviewed. Symptomatic relief and pregnancy in infertility patients were recorded. EFI was calculated.

Statistical Analysis:

Data analyses were carried out using statistical software STATA version 12.0. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results and Conclusions:

A total of 123 cases were enrolled; the most common complaint was infertility 107 (86.99%); the mean age was 32.4 years. EFI was found to be (6 to 10) in 28(26.2%) patients, EFI of (4 to 5) in 49 (45.8%) and EFI of (0 to 3) in 30 (28.0%). Post surgery, dysmenorrhoea was relieved in 56 (65.88%) patients, menstrual irregularities were relieved in 45 (76.27 %) patients, dyspareunia in 32 (54.24%) and chronic pelvic pain in 24 (40.5%) patients. 8 (40%) patients with low EFI conceived, 20 (58.82%) with moderate, and 26 (96.29%) with high EFI conceived. EFI score showed statistically significant positive correlation with pregnancy outcome P = 0.001, higher the EFI score, better the reproductive outcome. Laparoscopic surgeries are important for managing patients of endometriosis. It provides significant symptomatic relief, and EFI estimation can be done, which is a good tool to predict reproductive outcome of infertility patients with endometriosis.

KEYWORDS:

Endometriosis; endometriosis fertility index; infertility; laparoscopy; least function score; surgery

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