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Niger J Clin Pract. 2019 Jul;22(7):932-935. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_108_18.

Hepatitis B surface antigenemia in two rural communities in Enugu, Nigeria.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background:

Hepatitis B virus infection is endemic in Nigeria, yet few data exist about the extent of infection in rural communities.

Objective:

To determine seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigenemia in two rural communities in Nigeria.

Methods:

A 330-person survey for seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was carried out in two rural communities in Enugu State, Nigeria, in January, 2017. All study participants were screened for HBsAg using chromatographic immunoassay. Results: The mean age of participants was 57.2 ± 17.4 years, (range = 10-92 years) with 168 (50.9%) aged 60 years and above. The prevalence of HBsAg was found to be 2.1% with the 18-29 years age group having the highest prevalence.

Conclusion:

There is need to increase hepatitis B surveillance in rural communities to reduce transmission and institute early treatment.

KEYWORDS:

HBsAg; hepatitis; prevalence; rural

PMID:
31293257
DOI:
10.4103/njcp.njcp_108_18
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