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Niger J Clin Pract. 2019 Jul;22(7):926-931. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_663_18.

Comparison of warm vertical compaction and cold lateral condensation of α, β gutta-percha and resilon on apically extruded debris during retreatment.

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Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey.



This study was performed to evaluate the amount of apically extruded debris removed from a root canal filled with cold lateral condensation (CLC), and warm vertical compaction (WVC) techniques, using b or a phase gutta-percha with AH-Plus (Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) or Resilon (Resilon Research LLC, Madison, WI) with RealSeal SE (SybronEndo, Amersfoort, The Netherlands).

Materials and Methods:

About 100 human incisor teeth were prepared with a #25.06 NiTi rotary system and divided into five groups according to the filling material used: Group 1: CLC (gutta-percha, AH-Plus); Group 2: WVC (b phase gutta-percha, AH-Plus); Group 3: WVC (a phase gutta-percha, AH-Plus); Group 4: CLC (Resilon, RealSeal SE); and Group 5: WVC (Resilon, RealSeal SE). Extruded debris during the retreatment procedure was collected in preweighed Eppendorf tubes. The times required for retreatment were recorded.


The amount of debris extrusion was significantly greater with WVC than CLC in the gutta-percha and Resilon groups (P < 0.001). Using a phase gutta-percha resulted in significantly more debris extrusion than b phase gutta-percha (P < 0.001). In the WVC groups, Resilon caused significantly more debris extrusion than gutta-percha (P < 0.05). Retreatment was faster for CLC than WVC (P < 0.05).


In the retreatment procedure, the amount of apically extruded debris and retreatment duration were dependent on the type of obturation material and technique used.


Apical extrusion; Resilon; a phase gutta-percha; b phase gutta-percha; warm vertical compaction

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