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Niger J Clin Pract. 2019 Jul;22(7):920-925. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_538_18.

Pattern of renal diseases in children attending paediatric nephrology clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano.

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Department of Paediatrics, Bayero University and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria.
Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Center, Katsina, Nigeria.



The pattern of pediatric kidney diseases varies from one region to another because of genetic, racial, and environmental differences. This study was aimed at determining the pattern of renal diseases among children presenting at the pediatric nephrology clinic of the hospital.

Subjects and Methods:

It was a retrospective study of all children aged less than 15 years seen at the pediatric nephrology clinic of the hospital over a period of 30 months. The records of 244 patients seen at nephrology clinic over the period of study were retrieved and studied.


There were 155 males (63.5%) and 89 females (36.5%), with a male to female ratio of 1.7:1. The ages ranged between two months and 179 months, with a mean age of 104.8 ± 46.7 months. Nephrotic syndrome was the commonest renal disease and accounted for 33.6% (n = 82) of all cases, followed by acute glomerulonephritis with 25.8% (n = 63). Acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease follow with frequencies of 34 (13.9%) each. The commonest congenital anomaly of the kidneys was ectopic kidney with 12 cases (4.9%).


Our data reflects a high burden of renal diseases among children in our environment, and also reflects variations in regional patterns. The need for improvement of pediatric renal services and training of health workers in early detection and treatment of these conditions cannot be overemphasized.


Out-patient clinics; pattern; pediatric; renal diseases

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