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Cell Biol Int. 2019 Jul 10. doi: 10.1002/cbin.11201. [Epub ahead of print]

Generation and characterization of Suncus murinus intestinal organoid: a useful tool for studying motilin secretion.

Author information

1
Area of Regulatory Biology, Division of Life Science, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, 255 Shimo-ohkubo, Sakuraku, Saitama 338-8570, Japan.
2
Department of Nutritional Science and Food Safety, Faculty of Applied Bioscience, Tokyo University of Agriculture, 1-1-1 Sakuragaoka, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8502, Japan.
3
Area of Life-NanoBio, Division of Strategy, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, 255 Shimo-ohkubo, Sakuraku, Saitama 338-8570, Japan.

Abstract

Motilin, a 22-amino-acid peptide produced in the upper small intestine, induces strong gastric contraction in fasted state. In many rodents, motilin and its cognate receptors exist as pseudogenes, which has delayed motilin research in the past decades. Recently, the house musk shrew (Suncus murinus) was developed as a useful model for studying motilin and gastrointestinal motility. However, due to a lack of motilin-producing cell lines and difficulties in culturing small intestinal cells, the regulatory mechanisms of motilin secretion and its messenger RNA (mRNA) transcription have remained largely unclear. In this study, we generated small intestinal organoids from S. murinus for the first time. Using methods similar to mouse organoid generation, we found crypt-like budding structures 3 days after isolating intestinal tissues. The organoids grew gradually with time. In addition, the generated organoids were able to be passaged and maintained for 6 months or longer. Motilin messenger RNA (mRNA) and immunopositive cells were observed in both S. murinus intestinal organoids and primary tissues. This is the first report of intestinal organoids in S. murinus, and our results suggest that S. murinus intestinal organoids could be useful for analyzing motilin secretion and transcription.

KEYWORDS:

Suncus murinus; motilin; organoid; small intestine

PMID:
31293061
DOI:
10.1002/cbin.11201

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