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Afr J Paediatr Surg. 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):100-103. doi: 10.4103/ajps.AJPS_53_17.

Is transcatheter closure superior to surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus among Nigerian Children?

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Department of Paediatrics and Child Health; Department of Paediatrics, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Nigeria.
Department of Paediatrics, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Nigeria.
Department of Surgery, Cardiothoraxic Unit, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Nigeria.
Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria.
Tristate Cardiovascular Centre, Cardiothoracic Unit, Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Ani, Ogun State, Nigeria.
First Cardiology Consultants, Ikoyi, Lagos, Nigeria.



Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is common among Nigerian children. It is the second only to ventricular septal defect among congenital heart diseases in Nigeria children. The study centers are the only centers in Nigeria which are able to offer both transcatheter closure of PDA and surgical ligation. The study aims to compare both methods in terms of the demographics of the individuals, cost and outcome.

Patients and Methods:

Prospective, cross-sectional involving consecutive individuals who had either transcatheter closure or surgical ligation of PDA from June 2010 to January 2014. Individuals were grouped according to the method of closure of their defect. Data on their demographics, size of the defects, cost of treatment and outcome were compared for the two groups. The analysis was done using Microsoft Excel statistical software supplemented by Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.


A total number of 28 individuals had either surgical ligation or device closure of PDA done at the studied period. The mean age of all the individuals was 4.58 ± 4.20 years with a median age of 3 years. The mean age of individuals that had surgical ligation was 3.40 ± 0.92 years and mean age of those who had transcatheter device closure was 6.69 ± 1.05 years (P = 0.677). Male to female ratio in both groups were 0.4:1. No mortality was recorded in both groups. However, 6 (21.4%) of the surgical patients and 1 (3.57%) of the patient with device closure had complications. The direct cost of the procedure for each of the patient who had device closure of PDA was about $3000 whereas the cost of surgical closure was about $1000. The indirect cost for device closure was about $100 while that of surgical closure was about $5000.


Device closure of PDA has lesser risk of complications compared to surgical ligation. Its indirect cost is also cheaper. There is a need for availability and accessibility to device closure of PDA in our environment.


Children; Nigeria; ligation; patent ductus arteriosus; transcatheter

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