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Afr J Paediatr Surg. 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):80-83. doi: 10.4103/ajps.AJPS_114_16.

Paediatric surgical outreach in central region of Ghana.

Author information

1
School of Anaesthesia, Ridge Regional Hospital, Accra, Ghana.
2
Department of Surgery, Paediatric Surgery Unit of Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.

Abstract

Background:

Conditions that are amenable to surgery are found globally. However, surgery is not easily accessible for most people in low- and middle-income countries due to physical and financial barriers, among others. One-way of mitigating against this situation is through surgical outreach programmes.

Patients and Methods:

A paediatric surgical outreach in a teaching hospital in the Central Region of Ghana was carried out by a paediatric surgeon from Korle Bu Teaching Hospital. Data on the cases done from June 2011 to June 2014 were analysed.

Results:

A total of 185 patients had surgery during the study. There were 153 males with the mean age of 4.53 ± 3.67 years. Patients aged 1-5 years represented 51.9% of the patients. Twenty-four (13%) had major surgery and 161 (87%) had minor operations. The most common minor operation performed was inguinal herniotomy representing 47.2% of the cases. None of the patients had any complications.

Conclusion:

The need for paediatric surgical outreach programme has been shown in this paper as well as its cost-effectiveness. With the current rate of graduation of paediatric surgeons in Ghana, paediatric outreach programmes will be needed in Ghana in the foreseeable future. This outreach should be extended to other regions of the country to cover a larger percentage of children in Ghana.

KEYWORDS:

Access to surgery; paediatric surgery; surgical load; surgical outreach

PMID:
31290468
DOI:
10.4103/ajps.AJPS_114_16
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