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Neural Regen Res. 2019 Nov;14(11):2011-2019. doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.259624.

Pain inhibition through transplantation of fetal neuronal progenitors into the injured spinal cord in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
2
Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biomedical Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
3
Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
4
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Institute of Biomedical Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
5
Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
6
Department of Neurosurgery, Eberhard-Karls University, Tuebingen, Germany.
7
Department of Neurosurgery, Eberhard-Karls University, Tuebingen, Germany; Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

Neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury (SCI) is a complex condition that responds poorly to usual treatments. Cell transplantation represents a promising therapy; nevertheless, the ideal cell type in terms of neurogenic potential and effectiveness against pain remains largely controversial. Here, we evaluated the ability of fetal neural stem cells (fNSC) to relieve chronic pain and, secondarily, their effects on motor recovery. Adult Wistar rats with traumatic SCI were treated, 10 days after injury, with intra-spinal injections of culture medium (sham) or fNSCs extracted from telencephalic vesicles (TV group) or the ventral medulla (VM group) of E/14 embryos. Sensory (von Frey filaments and hot plate) and motor (the Basso, Beattie, Bresnahan locomotor rating scale and inclined plane test) assessments were performed during 8 weeks. Thereafter, spinal cords were processed for immunofluorescence and transplanted cells were quantified by stereology. The results showed improvement of thermal hyperalgesia in the TV and VM groups at 4 and 5 weeks after transplantation, respectively. Moreover, mechanical allodynia improved in both the TV and VM groups at 8 weeks. No significant motor recovery was observed in the TV or VM groups compared with sham. Stereological analyses showed that ~70% of TV and VM cells differentiated into NeuN+ neurons, with a high proportion of enkephalinergic and GABAergic cells in the TV group and enkephalinergic and serotoninergic cells in the VM group. Our study suggests that neuronal precursors from TV and VM, once implanted into the injured spinal cord, maturate into different neuronal subtypes, mainly GABAergic, serotoninergic, and enkephalinergic, and all subtypes alleviate pain, despite no significant motor recovery. The study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the Medical School of the University of São Paulo (protocol number 033/14) on March 4, 2016.

KEYWORDS:

GABAergic neuron; cell transplantation; chronic pain; enkephalinergic neuron; neural stem cells; neuronal differentiation; serotoninergic neuron; spinal cord injuries

PMID:
31290460
DOI:
10.4103/1673-5374.259624
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Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that the article content was composed in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

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