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Acta Derm Venereol. 2019 Jul 10. doi: 10.2340/00015555-3261. [Epub ahead of print]

Selective Nerve Fibre Activation in Patients with Chronic Generalized Pruritus May Indicate a Central Sensitization Mechanism.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology and Center for Chronic Pruritus, University Hospital Münster, Von- Esmarch-Str. 58, DE-48149 Münster, Germany. manuelpedro.pereira@ukmuenster.de.

Abstract

Central sensitization induces pain augmentation in chronic pain states. An analogous mechanism is speculated for chronic pruritus. This study compared patients with chronic pruritus (n = 79) of different origins (atopic dermatitis, chronic pruritus on non-lesional skin, chronic prurigo) and healthy controls (HC, n = 54) with regard to itch intensity and qualities of sensory symptoms after selective peripheral nerve fibre activation by electrical stimulation at 5 Hz (surrogate for C-fibre function) and 2,000 Hz (surrogate for Aβ-fibre function) using a Neurometer®. Electrically-induced itch was more intense in patients with chronic pruritus than in HC, but patients with chronic pruritus did not report "itch" more often than HC at 5 Hz. Stimulation at 2,000 Hz induced more pricking and tingling, but less throbbing in patients with chronic pruritus compared with HC. Treatment with cooling compound reduced clinical and experimental itch, but did not alter the distribution of sensory symptoms. These data show hyperknesis in chronic pruritus of various origins, arguing for common central sensitization mechanisms.

KEYWORDS:

Aβ-fibre; C-fibre; chronic pruritus; electrical stimulation; neurometer

PMID:
31289838
DOI:
10.2340/00015555-3261
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