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J Immunol. 1979 Jul;123(1):455-62.

Lymphocytes bearing Fc receptors for IgE. II. Induction of Fcepsilon-receptor bearing rat lymphocytes by IgE.


The proportion of lymphocytes bearing receptors for IgE (FcepsilonR) markedly increased after infection of rats with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (Nb). The FcepsilonR-bearing lymphocytes from the infected animals bound more IgE-coated erythrocytes in rosette assay than FcepsilonR-bearing cells from normal rats, suggesting that the number of FcepsilonR per cell may also increase following the infection. In contrast, the number of IgE-receptors on peritoneal mast cells did not change after Nb infection. The increase in the proportion of FcepsilonR-bearing lymphocytes in Nb-infected rats is probably due to an increased concentration of IgE in the environment. The proportion of FcepsilonR-bearing cells in normal rat lymphocyte suspensions increased by culture of the cells with rat IgE of 1 microgram/ml or higher concentration. Other immunoglobulins such as rat IgG, human IgE, or rabbit IgG failed to induce either FcepsilonR-bearing cells or FcgammaR-bearing cells. It was also found that induction of Fc receptors by rat IgE is confined to FcepsilonR. Kinetic studies on the induction of FcepsilonR-bearing lymphocytes in vitro showed that the proportion of these cells in lymphocyte suspensions increased within 8 hr incubation with rat IgE but not within 4 hr. Evidence was obtained that both RNA synthesis and protein synthesis, but no DNA synthesis, are required for the induction of FcepsilonR-bearing cells or the expression of the receptors on the cell surface.

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