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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1988;94(3):342-6.

1-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI) exerts an anorexic action that is blocked by 5-HT2 antagonists in rats.

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Department of Pharmacology, Medical College of Pennsylvania, Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute, Philadelphia 19129.


Previous literature suggests that the anorexic action of peripherally administered serotonin (5-HT) is mediated by 5-HT2 receptors. This study, therefore, examined the effect of DOI, a non-indole 5-HT2 agonist, on deprivation-induced feeding. Rats were first adapted to a schedule in which a milk diet was presented for 6 h daily. Intraperitoneal (IP) administration of DOI (1.0-11.2 mumol/kg) inhibited feeding in a dose-related fashion (ID50 = 2.6 mumol/kg). One hour pretreatment with 6.0 mumol/kg of the 5-HT2 antagonists ketanserin and LY53857 completely reversed the anorexic action of an equimolar dose of DOI. Neither ketanserin nor LY53857, alone, altered baseline feeding. Further testing demonstrated the antagonistic effect of LY53857 (0.047-6.0 mumol/kg, IP) to be dose related, with an ID50 of 0.14 mumol/kg. Ten minute pretreatment with 1-(1-naphthyl)-piperazine (1-NP; 2.0 or 4.0 mumol/kg), a mixed-acting agent with 5HT2 blocking actions, also attenuated the anorexic effect of 6.0 mumol/kg DOI. Unlike ketanserin and LY53857, however, 1-NP did reduce food intake by itself. By contrast with ketanserin, LY53857 and 1-NP, the peripherally-acting 5-HT2 antagonist xylamidine failed to alter the anorexic effect of DOI. Taken together, these results suggest that central 5-HT2 receptors are important in the control of ingestive behavior.

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