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Bioinformation. 2019 Apr 15;15(4):246-254. doi: 10.6026/97320630015246. eCollection 2019.

Insights into Molecular Interactions of human Wnt5b and Frizzled proteins for their role in teratogenicity.

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1
Toxicology and Computational Biology Group, Centre for Bioinformatics, M. D. University, Rohtak, Haryana 124001 India.

Abstract

Wnt-Fzd signalling plays vital role in different physiological pathways including embryonic development and supposed to be probable target of many teratogens. The present study was done to investigate the role of human Wnt5b interaction with different isoforms of human Fzds and also the molecular interactions of their complexes with selected known teratogens [Carbamazepine (CBZ), Retinoic acid (RA), Valproic acid (VPA), Aminopterin (AMP) and Phenytoin (PHY)] using Niclosamide (NLM) as standard. The models of hWnt5b and hFzd isoforms, whose solved crystal structures were unavailable, were generated using homology modeling and hWnt5b was subjected to protein-protein docking studies against different isoforms of hFzd. The macromolecular docking studies of hWnt5b-hFzds complexes revealed that hWnt5b had highest binding affinity with hFzd8 and lowest with hFzd1, respectively. The Cysteine rich domain (CRD) of hFzds docked against hWnt5b into a palm shaped opening or near the largest binding pocket as in hWnt5b-hFzd6. The possible role of Wnt-Fzd interactions in developmental toxicity due to selected teratogens were also investigated using molecular docking studies which showed that Retinoic Acid possessed the maximum binding affinity with binding energy of for hWnt5b-hFzd8 complex while VPA was observed to have lowest binding affinity towards all the studied hWnt5b-hFzd complexes.

KEYWORDS:

Frizzled; fetal development; homology modeling; molecular docking

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