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Sci Rep. 2019 Jul 8;9(1):9871. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46264-y.

Repair Effects of Astragalus Polysaccharides with Different Molecular Weights on Oxidatively Damaged HK-2 Cells.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, the Second Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710004, China.
2
Institute of Biomineralization and Lithiasis Research, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China.
3
Institute of Biomineralization and Lithiasis Research, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, China. toyjm@jnu.edu.cn.
4
Department of Nephrology, the Second Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710004, China. guibsdoctor@sina.com.

Abstract

This study investigated the repair effects of three Astragalus polysaccharides (APSs) with different molecular weights (Mws) on injured human renal proximal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells to reveal the effect of Mw of polysaccharide on cell repair. A damage model was established by injuring HK-2 cells with 2.6 mM oxalate, and APS0, APS1, and APS2 with Mw of 11.03, 4.72, and 2.61 KDa were used to repair the damaged cells. After repair by APSs, the morphology of damaged HK-2 cells gradually returned to normal, the destruction of intercellular junctions recovered, intracellular reactive oxygen species production amount decreased, and their mitochondrial membrane potential increased. In addition, the cell cycle progression gradually normalized, lysosome integrity increased, and cell apoptotic rates obviously declined in the repaired cells. All three APSs could promote the expression of Keap1, Nrf2, SOD1, and CAT. In addition, the expression levels of inflammation markers containing MCP-1 and IL-6 decreased after APS repair. We deduced that APSs exert their repair function by activating the Nrf2-Keap1 signaling pathway and inhibiting inflammation. Among the APSs, APS1 with a moderate Mw provided the strongest repair effect. APSs may have a preventive effect on kidney stones.

PMID:
31285477
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-019-46264-y
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