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J Dent Educ. 2019 Jul 8. pii: JDE.019.126. doi: 10.21815/JDE.019.126. [Epub ahead of print]

Humanities in Predoctoral Dental Education: A Scoping Review.

Author information

1
Kyriaki C. Marti, DMD, MD, MHPE, PhD, CHSE, FEBOMFS, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Periodontics and Oral Medicine, Cariology, Restorative Sciences, and Endodontics, University of Michigan School of Dentistry; Anastassios I. Mylonas, DMD, PhD, PhD, MD, is Research Associate, Clinical Instructor, and Associate Director, Departments of History and Philosophy of Medicine and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Metropolitan Hospital; Mark MacEachern, MLIS, is an Informationist in Research and Informatics, Taubman Health Sciences Library, University of Michigan; and Larry Gruppen, PhD, is Professor, Department of Learning Health Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School. kyriaki@med.umich.edu.
2
Kyriaki C. Marti, DMD, MD, MHPE, PhD, CHSE, FEBOMFS, is Clinical Assistant Professor, Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Periodontics and Oral Medicine, Cariology, Restorative Sciences, and Endodontics, University of Michigan School of Dentistry; Anastassios I. Mylonas, DMD, PhD, PhD, MD, is Research Associate, Clinical Instructor, and Associate Director, Departments of History and Philosophy of Medicine and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Metropolitan Hospital; Mark MacEachern, MLIS, is an Informationist in Research and Informatics, Taubman Health Sciences Library, University of Michigan; and Larry Gruppen, PhD, is Professor, Department of Learning Health Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School.

Abstract

Health humanities usually includes such disciplines as philosophy, ethics, history, literature, performing arts, and cultural anthropology. The aims of this scoping review were, first, to search the published literature for references to the humanities in predoctoral dental education and, second, to determine if any research studies found that introducing humanities in dental education improved the overall profile of dental graduates. Literature searches were run in Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, CINAHL, and Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source. A total of 248 articles were included in the review, with inclusion criteria comprising the areas of the curriculum, the scope of humanities, and predoctoral dental education. Of those articles, 101 referred in a targeted way to ethics in predoctoral dental education, while others mainly referred to the humanities in general or pointed out the role and place of humanities topics in predoctoral dental curricula. Topics covered included professional ethics, music, narrative learning, theater, art, communication skills, empathy, emotional intelligence, and cultural competence in the context of general humanistic education. The review found limited evidence of a clear impact, either short-term or long-term, of humanities education in predoctoral dental education. Reflections on humanistic education in the practice of clinical dentistry were sparse, as mainly documented by development of the ideal dentist-patient relationship, enhancement of empathy for patients, and most importantly, construction of professional moral values.

KEYWORDS:

academic integrity; cultural competence; curriculum; dental education; ethics and professionalism; humanities

PMID:
31285365
DOI:
10.21815/JDE.019.126

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