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Theriogenology. 2019 May 31. pii: S0093-691X(19)30172-4. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.05.034. [Epub ahead of print]

Seminal plasma proteins as markers of sperm fertility.

Author information

1
Physiologie de la Reproduction et du Comportement, INRA, CNRS, IFCE, Université de Tours, 37380, Nouzilly, France. Electronic address: xavier.druart@inra.fr.
2
The University of Sydney, Faculty of Science, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, NSW, 2006, Australia.
3
Physiologie de la Reproduction et du Comportement, INRA, CNRS, IFCE, Université de Tours, 37380, Nouzilly, France.

Abstract

During ejaculation and deposition in the female genital tract, spermatozoa are exposed to seminal plasma, a mix of secretions primarily from the accessory sex glands. Proteins, which make up the largest contribution to seminal plasma by weight, have been the focus of much interest, in particular the identification of specific proteins both in the plasma and/or found bound to the sperm surface post ejaculation. Global proteomic studies of seminal plasma originating from a range of species over the last 15 years have revealed their hitherto unknown diversity and complexity. Seminal plasma is generally known to aid sperm survival and fertility in a range of species and studies have begun to reveal its link with sperm function and identification, as markers of fertility. This review summarises recent data on proteins found on the sperm surface that originate from seminal plasma and have subsequently been shown to correlate with fertility, with a focus on the pig.

KEYWORDS:

Fertility; Preservation; Proteome; Seminal plasma; Sperm

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