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FASEB J. 2019 Oct;33(10):10996-11005. doi: 10.1096/fj.201900857. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

Asparaginase immune complexes induce Fc-γRIII-dependent hypersensitivity in naive mice.

Author information

1
Center for Pharmacogenetics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
3
Division of Immunology, Allergy, and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
4
Division of Immunobiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

Asparaginase (ASNase) is an important drug for the treatment of leukemias. However, hypersensitivity to ASNase can increase the risk of leukemia relapse. Two mechanisms of ASNase hypersensitivity have been identified in mice. The existence of a pathway involving anti-ASNase IgG and Fc-γ receptor III (Fc-γRIII) implies that IgG and ASNase immune complexes (ICs) could directly induce hypersensitivity. The aim of this study was to detect ASNase ICs in mice after hypersensitivity reactions and determine their role in hypersensitivity. Protein G beads were used to detect plasma ASNase ICs by flow cytometry. Anti-ASNase IgG was purified from the plasma of sensitized mice, and ASNase ICs were prepared ex vivo at various ratios of ASNase to anti-ASNase IgG. The levels of ASNase ICs detected after hypersensitivity reactions correlated with reaction severity (R2 = 0.796; P = 0.0005). ASNase ICs prepared ex vivo required high levels of anti-ASNase IgG for formation, and binding to naive and sensitized immune cells depended on soluble anti-ASNase IgG, antigen:antibody ratio, and Fc-γRIII. Similarly, basophil activation by ASNase ICs depended on the antigen:antibody ratio and Fc-γRIII. Consistent with the ex vivo results, naive mice receiving ASNase ICs developed hypersensitivity reactions. Our data demonstrate that ASNase ICs can directly contribute to the onset and severity of ASNase hypersensitivity.-Rathod, S., Ramsey, M., DiGiorgio, D., Berrios, R., Finkelman, F. D., Fernandez, C. A. Asparaginase immune complexes induce Fc-γRIII-dependent hypersensitivity in naive mice.

KEYWORDS:

anaphylaxis; antidrug antibodies; basophil activation test; immunogenicity; leukemia

PMID:
31284767
PMCID:
PMC6766650
[Available on 2020-07-05]
DOI:
10.1096/fj.201900857

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