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Psychol Serv. 2019 Jul 8. doi: 10.1037/ser0000376. [Epub ahead of print]

A mind-body program for pain and stress management in active duty service members and veterans.

Author information

1
U.S. Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School.
3
Naval Medical Center San Diego.
4
Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School.
5
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital.

Abstract

The Mind-Body Medicine (MBM) program at the Naval Medical Center San Diego, created in collaboration with the Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine and the Home Base Program at Massachusetts General Hospital, is a 7-week program designed to facilitate stress management habits into patient treatment plans. The aim of this study is to test the feasibility and acceptability of a mind-body program for service members and veterans. Participants (N = 239) were primarily active duty service members of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps reporting significant perceived stress (Stress Resiliency (SR) group; n = 124), or meeting criteria for chronic pain (Pain Management (PM) group; n = 115). Participants completed measures at preprogram and post-program assessing for perceived stress, pain, functional impairment, quality of life, and psychological and somatic symptoms. Changes in self-reported psychological symptoms and knowledge and practice of mind-body principles were examined. Participants across groups had significant improvement in most outcomes (perceived stress, response to stressful experience, functional impairment, sleep disturbance, depression, PTSD, and anxiety symptoms; and each quality of life domain aside from social relationships), with p values < .0017 (Bonferroni corrected level of significance). The SR group demonstrated significant improvements in primary outcomes of perceived stress and response to stressful experience, and the PM group demonstrated significant improvement in pain severity, but not perceived stress. Significant change was observed in knowledge and practice of mind-body medicine principles, and high satisfaction was reported. Results suggest that a mind-body program may improve physical and psychological functioning for service members, including those facing significant perceived stress and chronic pain. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

PMID:
31282706
DOI:
10.1037/ser0000376

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