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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Jul;98(27):e16216. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000016216.

Clinical outcomes and time to recurrence of phototherapeutic keratectomy in Japan.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto.
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka University, Osaka.
3
Baptist Eye Institute, Kyoto.
4
Department of Frontier Medical Science and Technology for Ophthalmology, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

To assess the indications, outcomes and time to recurrence of phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) for anterior corneal pathology.This study involved 714 eyes of 477 consecutive patients (mean age: 66.0 ± 15.2 years; range: 6-101 years) who underwent PTK as the initial surgical intervention for an anterior corneal pathology. In case of each patient, the cornea treated by PTK, followed up by slit-lamp examination and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) testing. Main outcome measures included Slit-lamp findings (1), CDVA (2), patients' complaints (3).The mean follow-up period was 44.0 ± 38.8 months (range: 1-156 months).We treated 376 granular corneal dystrophy (GCD) eyes, 238 band keratopathy (BK) eyes, 23 epithelium attachment disorder eyes, 16 gelatinous drop-like corneal dystrophy (GDLD) eyes, 13 lattice corneal dystrophy (LCD) eyes, and 48 eyes with other corneal diseases. The CDVA significantly improved from LogMAR 0.65 ± 0.61 pre PTK to LogMAR 0.26 ± 0.39 post PTK. A 2 or more lines increase of CDVA was observed in GCD eyes (67.8%), BK eyes (49.2%), epithelium attachment disorder eyes (57.1%), GDLD eyes (87.5%), LCD eyes (76.9%), and other corneal disease eyes (60.4%). The recurrence of BK was rare. GCD recurred slowly. Epithelium attachment disorder eyes remitted simultaneously, and recurred comparatively faster.PTK was proved to be a successful therapy for all 6 corneal disease categories. Disease recurrence after PTK differed among the diseases, and surgeons should recognize the different rates of disease recurrence after PTK surgery.

PMID:
31277131
PMCID:
PMC6635226
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000016216
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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