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N Engl J Med. 1988 Apr 14;318(15):947-50.

Induction of immune tolerance in patients with hemophilia and antibodies to factor VIII by combined treatment with intravenous IgG, cyclophosphamide, and factor VIII.

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Department for Coagulation Disorders, University of Lund, Malmö General Hospital, Sweden.


The development of antibodies to factor VIII is a serious complication of the treatment of patients with hemophilia A. We successfully induced immune tolerance in patients with such antibodies with a new treatment protocol, which combined factor VIII, cyclophosphamide, and high-dose intravenous IgG, followed by regular prophylactic treatment with factor VIII. This protocol has now been used in 11 patients with hemophilia A, of whom 9 had a strong antibody response. When the initial concentration of antibodies exceeded 3 Malmö inhibitor units (corresponding to about 10 Bethesda units) per milliliter, treatment was preceded by adsorption of antibody to protein A. After two to three weeks of the combined treatment, factor VIII coagulant antibodies had disappeared in 9 of the 11 patients; in 8 of these 9 patients the half-life of infused factor VIII had normalized. The tolerant state appears to be stable after a median of 30 months. Two patients did not respond to the treatment. Because earlier treatment with factor VIII and cyclophosphamide or with factor VIII and IgG had been ineffective in these patients, our experience suggests that all three components of the protocol are required for the successful induction of tolerance to factor VIII.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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