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Mutat Res. 1988 Mar;198(1):153-60.

Recovery of mitomycin C-treated mouse 10T1/2 cells during confluent holding.

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Department of Cancer Biology, Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115.


The relationship between cytotoxicity, sister-chromatid exchanges (SCE) and the repair of DNA crosslinks was studied in mouse 10T1/2 cells during confluent holding following either acute or protracted MMC treatment. No cytotoxic effects were observed with increasing doses of MMC until SCE frequencies 1.8 times background levels were induced. Protracted MMC treatments were less cytotoxic than acute MMC exposure at doses which yielded similar frequencies of SCE. The kinetics of recovery during confluent holding in acute MMC-treated cells were similar for cytotoxicity and the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks. These results suggest that a type of non-lethal DNA damage which causes SCE may persist for long periods of time in MMC-treated cells. This non-lethal damage may accumulate during protracted MMC exposure while damage leading to cell killing is repaired.

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