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Mol Biol Evol. 1986 Sep;3(5):436-48.

Structure and regulation of the anthranilate synthase genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa: I. Sequence of trpG encoding the glutamine amidotransferase subunit.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242.


We have determined the DNA sequence of the distal 148 codons of trpE and all of trpG in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These genes encode, respectively, the large and small (glutamine amidotransferase) subunits of anthranilate synthase, the first enzyme in the tryptophan synthetic pathway. The sequenced region of trpE is homologous with the distal portion of E. coli and Bacillus subtilis trpE, whereas the trpG sequence is homologous to the glutamine amidotransferase subunit genes of a number of bacterial and fungal anthranilate synthases. The two coding sequences overlap by 23 bp. Codon usage in these Pseudomonas genes shows a marked preference for codons ending in G or C, thereby resembling that of trpB, trpA, and several other chromosomal loci from this species and others with a high G + C content in their DNA. The deduced amino acid sequence for the P. aeruginosa trpG gene product differs to a surprising extent from the directly determined amino acid sequence of the glutamine amidotransferase subunit of P. putida anthranilate synthase (Kawamura et al. 1978). This suggests that these two proteins are encoded by loci that duplicated much earlier in the phylogeny of these organisms but have recently assumed the same function. We have also determined 490 bp of DNA sequence distal to trpG but have not ascertained the function of this segment, though it is rich in dyad symmetries.

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