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EC Psychol Psychiatr. 2019 Apr 15;8(5):318-321.

Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

Blum K#1,2,3,4,5,6, Baron D#1,5, Badgaiyan RD#7, Gold MS#5,8.

Author information

1
Western University Health Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Pomona, CA, USA.
2
lnstitute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary.
3
Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Burlington, VM, USA.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Wright University, Boonshoff School of Medicine, Dayton, OH, USA.
5
Division of Nutrigenomics, Geneus Health, LLC., San Antonio, TX., USA.
6
Dominion Diagnostics, LLC., North Kingston, RI., USA.
7
Department of Psychiatry, Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.
8
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo, USA.
#
Contributed equally
PMID:
31276119
PMCID:
PMC6604646

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