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Radiat Oncol. 2019 Jul 4;14(1):117. doi: 10.1186/s13014-019-1323-z.

Primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of the trachea: clinical outcome of 38 patients after interdisciplinary treatment in a single institution.

Author information

1
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Thoraxklinik, Heidelberg University Hospital, Röntgenstraße 1, 69126, Heidelberg, Germany.
2
Institute of Pathology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 224, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
3
Translational Research Unit, Thoraxklinik, Heidelberg University Hospital, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Röntgenstraße 1, 69126, Heidelberg, Germany.
4
Translational Lung Research Center (TLRC), Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Im Neuenheimer Feld 156, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
5
Department of Radiation Oncology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
6
National Center for Radiation Oncology (NCRO), Heidelberg Institute for Radiation Oncology (HIRO), 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
7
Heavy Ion Therapy Center (HIT), Heidelberg University Hospital, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
8
National Center for Radiation Oncology (NCRO), Heidelberg Institute for Radiation Oncology (HIRO), 69120, Heidelberg, Germany. matthias.uhl@med.uni-heidelberg.de.
9
Heavy Ion Therapy Center (HIT), Heidelberg University Hospital, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany. matthias.uhl@med.uni-heidelberg.de.
10
Department of Radiation Oncology and Radiation Therapy, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany. matthias.uhl@med.uni-heidelberg.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Primary adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs) of the trachea are rare tumors of the central bronchial system. In patients presenting with unresectable tumors, severe comorbidities, or incomplete surgical resection, definitive radiotherapy is currently the recommended treatment. Irradiation with carbon ions (C12) has shown promising local control (LC) and survival rates in cases of ACCs of the head and neck. No data on the therapeutic efficacy of C12 radiotherapy in treating tracheal ACC has been published.

METHODS:

All patients with histologically confirmed ACC of the trachea treated with surgery and/or radiation treatment at Heidelberg University Hospital between 1991 and 2017 were included in this analysis. Patient and treatment characteristics, short- and long-term toxicity after radiotherapy, overall survival (OS), freedom from local progression (FFLP), and freedom from distant progression (FFDP) were prospectively acquired and retrospectively analyzed.

RESULTS:

Thirty-eight patients (23 women and 15 men) with a median age of 51 were treated by surgery (n = 20) and/or radiotherapy with either C12 (n = 7) or photons (n = 24). Of these patients, 61% presented with locally advanced (stage 4) ACC. The median follow-up for all patients was 74.5 months. The 5-year OS for all patients was 95% (10-year: 81%). The 5-year FFLP and FFDP were 96% (10-year: 83%) and 69% (10-year: 53%), respectively. In patients who underwent surgery alone, the 5-year OS was 100% (10-year: 80%). The 5-year FFLP and FFDP were 100% (10-year: 100%) and 80% (10-year: 60%), respectively. In patients who underwent radiotherapy alone, the 5-year OS was 100% (10-year: 83%). The 5-year FFLP and FFDP were 88% (10-year: 44%) and 67% (10-year: 34%), respectively. In patients who received multi-modal treatment including surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy, the 5-year OS was 84% (10-year: 84%). The 5-year FFLP was 100% (10-year: 100%) and the 5-year FFDP was 65% (10-year, 65%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The long-term prognosis is favorable if surgery is performed. In cases of an incomplete resection, good OS can still be achieved following adjuvant radiotherapy. For radiotherapy, irradiation with C12 shows promising first results. However, more data is needed to prove the long-term advantage of C12 over photons.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

The ethics committee of the Heidelberg University Hospital approved the retrospective data analysis (S-174/2019).

KEYWORDS:

Adenoid cystic carcinoma; Carbon ion; Carcinoma of the trachea; Multi-modal treatment; Radiation therapy; Tracheal tumor surgery

PMID:
31272473
DOI:
10.1186/s13014-019-1323-z
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