Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Intensive Care Med. 2019 Aug;45(8):1072-1081. doi: 10.1007/s00134-019-05681-3. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

Intensive care unit length of stay is reduced by protocolized family support intervention: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Veterans Health Service Medical Center, Portland, USA.
3
Department of Information Statistics, Andong National University, Andong, South Korea.
4
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital 82, Gumi-ro 173 Beon-gil, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, 13620, South Korea. yjlee1117@snubh.org.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study aimed to elucidate the impact of protocolized family support intervention on length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) through a systematic review and meta-analysis.

METHODS:

Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and other web-based databases were referenced since inception until November 26, 2018. We included randomized-controlled trials wherein protocolized family support interventions were conducted for enhanced communication and shared medical decision-making. LOS (in days) and mortality were evaluated using a random-effects model, and adjusted LOS was estimated using a mixed-effects model.

RESULTS:

We included seven randomized-controlled trials with 3477 patients. Protocolized family support interventions were found to significantly reduce the ICU LOS {mean difference = - 0.89 [95% confidence interval (CI) = - 1.50 to - 0.27]} and hospital LOS [mean difference = - 3.78 (95% CI = - 5.26 to - 2.29)]; the results of the mixed-effect model showed that they significantly reduced ICU LOS after adjusting for the therapeutic goal [mean difference = - 1.30 (95% CI = - 2.35 to - 0.26)], methods of measurement [mean difference = - 0.89 (95% CI = - 1.55 to - 0.22)], and timing of intervention [mean difference = - 1.05 (95% CI = - 2.05 to - 0.05)]. Similar results were found after adjusting for patients' disease severity [mean difference = - 1.21 (95% CI = - 2.03 to - 0.39)] and the trim-and-fill method [mean difference = - 0.86 (95% CI = - 1.44 to - 0.28)]. There was no difference in mortality rate in ICU and hospital between the protocolized intervention and control groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Protocolized family support intervention for enhanced communication and shared decision-making with the family reduced ICU LOS in critically ill patients without impacting mortality.

KEYWORDS:

Critical care; Decision support techniques; Decision-making; Intensive care units; Professional-family relations

PMID:
31270579
DOI:
10.1007/s00134-019-05681-3

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center