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Am Surg. 2019 Jun 1;85(6):654-662.

Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in the Management of Trauma Patients: A Systematic Literature Review.


Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) represents an innovative method by which noncompressible bleeding in the torso can be mitigated until definitive treatment can be obtained. To perform a systematic review of the literature on the use of the REBOA in trauma patients. An English and Spanish literature search was performed using MEDLINE, PubMed, and Scopus, from 1948 to 2018. Keywords used were aortic balloon occlusion, resuscitative endovascular balloon, REBOA, hemorrhage, and resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta. The eligilibility criteria included only original and human subject articles. Nontrauma patients, nonbleeding pathology, letters, single case reports, reviews, and pediatric patients were excluded. Two hundred forty-six articles were identified, of which 17 articles were included in this review. The total number of patients was 1340; 69 per cent were men and 31 per cent women. In 465 patients, the aortic zone location was described: 83 per cent the balloon was placed in aortic zone I and 16 per cent in zone III. Systolic blood pressure increased at an average of 52 mmHg before and after aortic occlusion. Although 32 patients (2.4%) presented clinical complications derived from the procedure, no mortality was reported. The trauma-related mortality rate was 58 per cent (776/1340). REBOA is a useful resource for the management of noncompressive torso hemorrhage with promising results in systolic blood pressure and morbidity. Indications for its use include injuries in zones 1 and 3, whereas it is not clear for zone 2 injuries. Additional studies are needed to define the benefits of this procedure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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