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J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect. 2019 Jun 19;9(3):235-239. doi: 10.1080/20009666.2019.1607704. eCollection 2019.

Breaking Bad: a case of Lactobacillus bacteremia and liver abscess.

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Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Towson, MD, USA.
Saba University School of Medicine, MD, Towson, USA.


We present a case of a 46-year-old Hispanic male with a past medical history significant for uncontrolled diabetes presenting with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting and found to have Lactobacillus bacteremia and liver abscess. A PubMed and Clinical Key literature review of the other known cases of Lactobacillus liver abscess was performed. Through examination of previous case reports, the patient presented in this paper, and the associated risk factors of Lactobacillus liver abscess it is likely that the incidence of this rare condition will increase and would therefore be prudent to further study Lactobacillus as a pathogenic bacteria so that its complications may be better treated and prevented.


Lactobacillus; hepatobiliary; liver abscess; probiotics; uncontrolled diabetes; virulence factors

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