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Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2019 Jul-Sep;31(3):154-157. doi: 10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_55_18.

Knowledge about and preventive practices against neonatal tetanus among young Nigerian women.

Author information

1
Department of Community Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, IIe-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
2
Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Objective:

The objective of this study was carried out to determine the knowledge about and preventive practices against neonatal tetanus (NNT) in young women of reproductive age.

Materials and Methods:

Descriptive cross-sectional study design of 380 randomly selected consenting young women of child-bearing age at a Nigerian tertiary educational institution. They completed a semi-structured questionnaire on knowledge about and risk factors for NNT, willingness to receive the vaccine, and uptake of tetanus toxoid vaccine.

Results:

The mean age (standard deviation) of the women was 22.4 (4.6) years ranging from 15 to 30 years. The majority (64.5%) had poor knowledge of the causes of and risk factors for NNT with only 31% knowing that immunizing women against tetanus prevents NNT. Most of the women (58%) were unwilling to receive tetanus immunization. A total of 15.5% had received tetanus toxoid, but only 0.5% had completed the required dosage. A higher proportion of respondents with good knowledge about tetanus had tetanus toxoid immunization (28.1% vs. 8.6%; P < 0.0001).

Conclusion:

Knowledge about NNT, willingness to receive the vaccine, and uptake of tetanus toxoid were unacceptably poor among respondents. There is a need for continuous education targeting young women on the link between the tetanus immunization status of women and the occurrence of NNT.

KEYWORDS:

Maternity care; Morbidity and mortality; Neonatal tetanus; Tetanus toxoid immunization

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