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J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg. 2019 Jul-Sep;24(3):180-184. doi: 10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_64_18.

Analysis of Risk Factors of Pancreatic Injury during Elective Laparoscopic Splenectomy in Children.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hematology and Oncology, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.
2
Department of Pediatric, Hematology and Oncology, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

Abstract

Introduction:

Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) became the standard choice for splenectomy in children with benign hematological disease. There are few reports about pancreatic injury during LS. The purpose of this study is to spot on factors increasing the risk of pancreatic injury during LS in children.

Patients and Methods:

A total of 140 children had LS for benign causes. Children were categorized into A and B groups. LigaSureā„¢ was used to control pedicle in Group A, while endoscopic staplers were used in Group B. Preoperative levels of amylase, lipase, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were obtained. The mean of pancreatic enzymes and LDH values was calculated on the 3 postoperative successive days.

Results:

A total of 71 boys and 69 girls had LS. The mean splenic size was 13.50 cm in Group A and 12.51 cm in Group B. The mean operative time in Group A was 41.91 min and in Group B was 56.36 min. The mean level of amylase was 42.99 IU/ml in Group A and 75.70 IU/ml in Group B (P = 0.001). The mean level of lipase was 37 IU/ml in Group A and 76.66 IU/ml in Group B (P = 0.001).

Conclusion:

Pancreatic injury during LS is a rare complication usually presented on biochemical level. We believe that it is a hemostatic-dependent complication rather than splenic size or nature of disease.

KEYWORDS:

Laparoscopic; pancreatitis; splenectomy

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