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Curr Neurovasc Res. 2019 Jun 19. doi: 10.2174/1567202616666190619151914. [Epub ahead of print]

Reduction in the ratio of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol is associated with increased risks of hemorrhagic transformation in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Center of Cerebrovascular Diseases, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province. China.
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province. China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a potentially serious complication in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Whether the ratio of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C/HDL-C) is associated with HT remains unclear.

METHODS:

Ischemic stroke patients within 7 days of stroke onset from January 2016 to November 2017 were included. Lipid profiles were measured within 24h after admission. HT was determined by a second computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging within 7 days after admission. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to assess the association between LDL-C/HDL-C and HT.

RESULTS:

We enrolled 1239 patients with AIS (788 males; mean age, 64 ± 15 years), of whom 129 (10.4%) developed HT. LDL-C/HDL-C were significantly lower on admission in patients with HT than those without HT (2.00 ± 0.89 vs. 2.25 ± 1.02, P=0.009). The unadjusted odds ratio (OR) of low LDL-C/HDL-C for HT was 2.07 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.42-3.01, P<0.001). After adjustment for possible confounders, lower LDL-C/HDL-C (≤1.52) was significantly associated with HT (OR 1.53, 95% CI: 1.02-2.31, P=0.046). Similar results were observed between lower LDL-C (≤ 4 mmol/L) and HT (OR 4.17, 95% CI: 1.25-13.90, P=0.02). However, no significant association was found between HT and high HDL-C, low triglycerides or low total cholesterol.

CONCLUSION:

Lower LDL-C/HDL-C and LDL-C were significantly associated with increased risk of HT after AIS. Further investigations are warranted to confirm these findings and then optimize lipid management in stroke patients with lower LDL/HDL-C or LDL-C.

KEYWORDS:

LDL-C/HDL-C; acute ischemic stroke; hemorrhagic transformation

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