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Ann Emerg Med. 2019 Jun 25. pii: S0196-0644(19)30356-7. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2019.04.033. [Epub ahead of print]

Baseline Performance of Real-World Clinical Practice Within a Statewide Emergency Medicine Quality Network: The Michigan Emergency Department Improvement Collaborative (MEDIC).

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address: kkocher@umich.edu.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI; Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI.
3
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
4
Saint Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI.
5
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Hurley Medical Center, Flint, MI.
6
Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI; Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester, MI; Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak and Troy, MI.
7
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
8
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI; Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI.
9
Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester, MI; Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI; Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak and Troy, MI; Beaumont Children's Hospital, Royal Oak, MI.
10
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Child Health Evaluation and Research (CHEAR) Center, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI; Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL.
11
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.
12
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

Large-scale quality and performance measurement across unaffiliated hospitals is an important strategy to drive practice change. The Michigan Emergency Department Improvement Collaborative (MEDIC), established in 2015, has baseline performance data to identify practice variation across 15 diverse emergency departments (EDs) on key emergency care quality indicators.

METHODS:

MEDIC is a unique physician-led partnership supported by a major third-party payer. Member sites contribute electronic health record data and trained abstractors add supplementary data for eligible cases. Quality measures include computed tomography (CT) appropriateness for minor head injury, using the Canadian CT Head Rule for adults and Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Network rules for children; chest radiograph use for children with asthma, bronchiolitis, and croup; and diagnostic yield of CTs for suspected pulmonary embolism. Baseline performance was established with statistical process control charts.

RESULTS:

From June 1, 2016, to October 31, 2017, the MEDIC registry contained 1,124,227 ED visits, 23.2% for children (<18 years). Overall baseline performance included the following: 40.9% of adult patients with minor head injury (N=11,857) had appropriate CTs (site range 24.3% to 58.6%), 10.3% of pediatric minor head injury cases (N=11,183) exhibited CT overuse (range 5.8% to 16.8%), 38.1% of pediatric patients with a respiratory condition (N=18,190) received a chest radiograph (range 9.0% to 62.1%), and 8.7% of pulmonary embolism CT results (N=16,205) were positive (range 7.5% to 14.3%).

CONCLUSION:

Performance varied greatly, with demonstrated opportunity for improvement. MEDIC provides a robust platform for emergency physician engagement across ED practice settings to improve care and is a model for other states.

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