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Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2019 Jul 1;24(4):e555-e561. doi: 10.4317/medoral.22976.

Nanosecond pulsed electric field inhibits malignant melanoma growth by inducing the change of systemic immunity.

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1
Lanzhou University, 199 Donggang Western Road Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China wangjing@lzu.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) showed an inhibitory effect on proliferation of malignant melanoma. In this study, the growth of melanoma were inhibited by changing the systemic immunity .

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

C57BL/6 mice with B16 malignant were exposed to 200 pulses of 100 ns duration, 30kV/cm. The mice were executed four days later. T lymphocyte has been extracted from spleen. Cell viability was evaluated by CCK-8 assay. CD3+CD4+ T cells, CD3+CD8+ T cells, regulatory T cells (Treg) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) were analyzed by flow cytometry . TNF-α, IL-2, IL-10, TGF-β, IFN- γ levels in supernatants were assessed by ELISA.

RESULTS:

C57 malignant melanoma model were established successfully. After the treatment of nsPEFs(30 kV/cm 100 ns 200p), the numbers of T lymphocytes were increased.CD3+ CD4+ T cells changed from 48% to 51.2%;CD3+CD8+T lymphocytes increased from 39.6% to 40.4%.Treg cells reduced from 4.3% to 2.4%,MDSC decreased by 39.0% to 19.7% . In addition, the level of TNF-α, IL-2 were increased (P < 0.05) and the level of IL-10 were decreased (P < 0.05) and the level of TGF-β and IFN-γ remained stable (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Tumor growth can be effectively inhibited by nsPEFs in vivo, which activate targets of immune respones, accumulation of inflammatory cells and immune cytokines.

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