Send to

Choose Destination
J Alzheimers Dis. 2019 Jun 24. doi: 10.3233/JAD-190113. [Epub ahead of print]

Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Version of the Mild Behavioral Impairment Checklist for Screening for Alzheimer's Disease.

Author information

Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Department of Geriatric, Fu Xing Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Department of Gerontology, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China.
Alzheimer's Disease Research Unit, McGill Centre for Studies in Aging, Verdun, QC, Canada.
National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.



The Mild Behavioral Impairment Checklist (MBI-C), a screening scale for neuropsychiatric symptom evaluation, facilitates Alzheimer's disease (AD) screening. However, its validity and reliability for use as an AD screening tool have not been determined.


To develop an AD screening scale suitable for the Chinese population.


The MBI-C was translated into Chinese and back-translated with the original author's consent. Forty-six AD patients, attending the Xuanwu hospital memory clinic, and 50 sex- and education-matched controls from the community underwent a full neuropsychological evaluation, including MBI-C assessment. Among them, 15 AD patients were evaluated repeatedly, and eight were evaluated simultaneously by two different clinicians, to assess MBI-C reliability.


The MBI-C demonstrated good internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and inter-rater reliability. Its optimal cutoff point was 6/7 for identifying AD dementia, with a sensitivity of 86.96% and specificity of 86.00%, and its detection rate for moderate-severe AD dementia was higher than that of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q). Pearson's correlation coefficients ranged from 0.702 to 0.831, indicating content validity. Seven factors were extracted during principal component analysis, with a cumulative contribution of 70.55%. Moreover, the Pearson's correlation coefficient was 0.758, indicating its criterion validity. The MBI-C could also distinguish AD dementia severity. MBI-C scores were significantly negatively correlated with MMSE and MoCA scores, and positively correlated with ADL scores.


This study showed that the Chinese version of MBI-C has high reliability and validity, and could replace the NPI-Q for AD dementia screening in the Chinese population.


Alzheimer’s disease; mild behavioral impairment checklist; neuropsychiatric inventory questionnaire; reliability; validity


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for IOS Press
Loading ...
Support Center