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J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2019 Jul 15;62(7):2270-2279. doi: 10.1044/2019_JSLHR-S-18-0408. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

Pitch Shifting With the Commercially Available Eventide Eclipse: Intended and Unintended Changes to the Speech Signal.

Author information

1
Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, MA.
2
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, MA.
3
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, MA.

Abstract

Purpose This study details the intended and unintended consequences of pitch shifting with the commercially available Eventide Eclipse. Method Ten vocally healthy participants ( M = 22.0 years; 6 cisgender females, 4 cisgender males) produced a sustained /ɑ/, creating an input signal. This input signal was processed in near real time by the Eventide Eclipse to create an output signal that was either not shifted (0 cents), shifted +100 cents, or shifted -100 cents. Shifts occurred either throughout the entire vocalization or for a 200-ms period after vocal onset. Results Input signals were compared to output signals to examine potential changes. Average pitch-shift magnitudes were within 1 cent of the intended pitch shift. Measured pitch-shift length for intended 200-ms shifts was between 5.9% and 21.7% less than expected, based on the portion of shift selected for measurement. The delay between input and output signals was an average of 11.1 ms. Trials shifted +100 cents had a longer delay than trials shifted -100 or 0 cents. The first 2 formants (F1, F2) shifted in the direction of the pitch shift, with F1 shifting 6.5% and F2 shifting 6.0%. Conclusions The Eventide Eclipse is an accurate pitch-shifting hardware that can be used to explore voice and vocal motor control. The pitch-shifting algorithm shifts all frequencies, resulting in a subsequent change in F1 and F2 during pitch-shifted trials. Researchers using this device should be mindful of stimuli selection to avoid confusion during data interpretation.

PMID:
31251880
PMCID:
PMC6808353
[Available on 2020-01-01]
DOI:
10.1044/2019_JSLHR-S-18-0408

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