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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1988 Feb 19;958(3):424-33.

Conditions for the formation of the oxo derivatives of arachidonic acid from platelet 12-lipoxygenase and soybean 15-lipoxygenase.

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Inflammation and Immunology-Rheumatology Research Unit, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université Laval, Ste-Foy, Canada.


Three carbonyl compounds derived from arachidonic acid have recently been characterized in human platelets, namely, 12-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid and two isomeric 12-oxododecatrienoic acids. The conditions for the synthesis of these compounds and for the synthesis of analogous products from soybean lipoxygenase, i.e., 15-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid and 15-oxopentadecatetraenoic acids, were compared with regard to the role of oxygen and fatty acid availability, and heme catalysis. Using platelet homogenates or soybean lipoxygenase and arachidonic acid as a substrate, it was found that the establishment of anaerobic conditions during the incubation was mandatory only for the synthesis of 15-oxopentadecatetraenoic acids. Anaerobic conditions, however, greatly increased the formation of 15-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid and, to a lesser extent, of 12-oxododecatrienoic acids. On the other hand, 12-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HPETE) was transformed into 12-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid and 12-oxododecatrienoic acids by platelet homogenates or soybean lipoxygenase. This transformation was increased when the incubation was performed in anaerobic conditions and in the presence of a fatty acid substrate of the enzyme. These data suggest that oxygen deprivation and excess fatty acid could play a stimulatory role in the synthesis of 12-oxo compounds by platelets. Finally, we have compared the heme-catalyzed generation of the 12-oxo and 15-oxo derivatives from their hydroperoxide precursors: whereas 12-oxododecatrienoic acids and 12-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid were formed in the proportion of 8.5: 1.5 from 12-HPETE incubated with hematin (150 nM), 15-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid was the only carbonyl compound generated from 15-HPETE in the same conditions, emphasizing the unique reactivity of the 12-HPETE.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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