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Nurs Outlook. 2019 Nov - Dec;67(6):713-724. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2019.05.005. Epub 2019 May 19.

Comparing the rates of low-value back images ordered by physicians and nurse practitioners for Medicare beneficiaries in primary care.

Author information

1
Boston College, William F. Connell School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, MA. Electronic address: monica.oreilly@bc.edu.
2
Brandeis University, The Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Waltham, MA.
3
Montana State University, Center for Interdisciplinary Health Workforce Studies, Bozeman, MT.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about the extent of ordering low-value services by.

PURPOSE:

To compare the rates of low-value back images ordered by primary care physicians (PCMDs) and primary care nurse practitioners (PCNPs).

METHOD:

We used 2012 and 2013 Medicare Part B claims for all beneficiaries in 18 hospital referral ̱regions (HRRs) and a measure of low-value back imaging from Choosing Wisely. Models included random clinician effect and fixed effects for beneficiary age, disability, Elixhauser comorbidities, clinician sex, the emergency department setting, back pain visit volume, organization, and region (HRR).

FINDINGS:

PCNPs (N = 231) and PCMDs (N = 4,779) order low-value back images at similar rates (NP: all images: 26.5%; MRI/CT: 8.4%; MD: all images: 24.5%; MRI/CT: 7.7%), with no detectable significant difference when controlling for covariates.

DISCUSSION:

PCNPs and PCMDs order low-value back images at an effectively similar rate.

KEYWORDS:

Back pain; Imaging; Low-value; Medicare; Nurse practitioner

PMID:
31248627
DOI:
10.1016/j.outlook.2019.05.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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