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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2019 Jul;144(1):46-54. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000005703.

A Prospective Approach to Inform and Treat 1340 Patients at Risk for BIA-ALCL.

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1
Hershey, Pa. From the Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The increasing incidence and associated mortality of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) has become alarming. However, many patients remain unaware of their risk for BIA-ALCL and may overlook early warning signs of the cancer. The authors aim to contact all breast implant patients at a single institution to educate them on the disease and provide screening and treatment as indicated.

METHODS:

All patients who had breast implants placed at Penn State Hershey Medical Center from 1979 to November of 2017 were mailed a letter to describe BIA-ALCL and to encourage a follow-up visit. Patient information regarding demographics, implant type, the number of calls and follow-up visits, physical examination findings, and patient decisions after being informed of the disease were recorded prospectively.

RESULTS:

One thousand two hundred eighty-four letters were mailed to 1020 patients (79.4 percent) with smooth implants and 264 patients (20.6 percent) with textured implants. Seventy-six calls were received and 100 patients (84 smooth and 16 textured) were evaluated within the first 2 months. Of the 16 patients with textured implants, nine are undergoing secondary surgery to remove or replace their textured device.

CONCLUSIONS:

Informing patients at risk for BIA-ALCL is an important endeavor. Patients educated on the disease will likely be diagnosed and treated earlier, which can prevent the need for adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy and decrease mortality. The authors provide a method, supporting documents, and preliminary data to help other institutions contact their breast implant patients at risk for BIA-ALCL.

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