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Chin J Physiol. 2019 Mar-Apr;62(2):80-85. doi: 10.4103/CJP.CJP_3_18.

Prepulse inhibition and acoustic startle response in young healthy Chinese.

Author information

1
Experimental Center of Basic Medicine, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Army Medical University; Department of Dermatology, Chongqing General Hospital, Chongqing, China.
2
Experimental Center of Basic Medicine, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Abstract

Prepulse inhibition (PPI) and habituation of the acoustic startle response (ASR) are considered to be effective neurobiological measures of sensorimotor gating and information processing. The deficit of PPI and habituation of ASR has been proposed to be candidate endophenotypes of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. However, there has been little information on PPI and ASR measures in Chinese. The present study aimed to provide more information about the characteristics of PPI and ASR in young healthy Chinese and investigate their sensitivity to experimental parameters and characteristics of population. In this study, we examined the PPI and habituation of ASR in 41 young healthy adults (21 males and 20 females), using an acoustic startle stimulus of 115 dB and a prepulse of 75 dB at a lead interval (LI) of 60 ms and 120 ms, respectively. The behavioral performance demonstrated that the PPI and habituation of ASR in all the young participants were robust. The significant difference was not observed in PPI and habituation between male and female. The block effect on PPI was significant; PPI reduces with increasing training. Latency facilitation was observed under prepulse conditions, with a significant effect of LI. Compared to previous studies in Caucasians, Chinese in this study shows a higher habituation and PPI. In conclusion, this research provides more data of behavioral characteristics of PPI and ASR in young healthy Chinese. Chinese in this study shows a higher habituation and PPI than Caucasians in previous studies.

KEYWORDS:

Acoustic startle response; Chinese; habituation; prepulse inhibition

PMID:
31243178
DOI:
10.4103/CJP.CJP_3_18
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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