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Sci Rep. 2019 Jun 25;9(1):9219. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-45614-0.

Physical activity associates with subarachnoid hemorrhage risk- a population-based long-term cohort study.

Author information

1
Clinicum, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 41, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland. joni.lindbohm@helsinki.fi.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, P.O. Box 266, FI-00029, Helsinki, Finland. joni.lindbohm@helsinki.fi.
3
Clinicum, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 41, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland.
4
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, P.O. Box 266, FI-00029, Helsinki, Finland.
5
National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 30, FI-00271, Helsinki, Finland.
6
Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM, P.O. Box 20, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Benefit of physical activity in prevention of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is unclear. We aimed to clarify this by studying how different types of physical activity associate with SAH risk. By following 65 521 population-based FINRISK participants prospectively from medical and autopsy registries since 1972 until 2014, we detected 543 incident SAHs. At baseline, we measured leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), occupational physical activity (OPA), and commuting physical activity (CPA) levels. The Cox model adjusted for all well-known SAH risk factors and for socioeconomic status, provided hazard ratios (HRs) for physical activity variables. Every 30-minute increase in weekly LTPA decreased SAH risk linearly in men and women HR = 0.95 (95% CI = 0.90-1.00). CPA reduced SAH risk as well, but the association diminished as participants retired. In contrast, individuals with moderate (1.41, 1.04-1.92) and high OPA (1.34, 0.99-1.81) had elevated SAH risk. Protective association of LTPA persisted in all age and hypertension groups, and was even greater in current smokers 0.88 (0.81-0.96) than non-smokers (p = 0.04 for difference). Commuting and leisure time physical activity seem to reduce SAH risk in men and women and is most beneficial for smokers. Future intervention studies should investigate whether physical activity can reduce the rupture risk of intracranial aneurysms.

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