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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jul;67(7):1114-1118. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_638_18.

Comparison of intravitreal ziv-aflibercept and bevacizumab monotherapy in treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.

Author information

1
Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Centre for Vitreo-Retinal Diseases, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

To report the visual and anatomical outcomes of intravitreal ziv-aflibercept (IVZ) and bevacizumab (BVZ) monotherapy in treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV).

Methods:

This was a retrospective case series of 16 eyes (8 eyes each in IVZ and BVZ groups). The study period was from January 2016 to March 2018. The inclusion criteria were treatment-naive PCV patients who were treated with either IVZ or BVZ monotherapy on pro re nata protocol and followed up monthly for 6 months. The change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central macular thickness (CMT), and pigment epithelial detachment (PED) height was measured at baseline and 6 months.

Results:

A total of 16 eyes were studied. IVZ group had an improvement in BCVA by 0.15 logarithm of minimum angle of resolution (logMAR; approximately 1.5 lines) at 6 months, whereas BVZ group had a reduction in BCVA by 0.21 logMAR (approximately 2 lines) (P = 0.027). Five patients and one patient in IVZ and BVZ groups, respectively, had ≥5 letters gain of BCVA. IVZ group had significant reduction in PED height (P = 0.048), whereas the change in CMT was not significant at 6 months (P = 0.681). The mean number of injections (2.87 ± 0.83 in IVZ and 2.25 ± 0.89 BVZ group; P = 0.168) and longest treatment-free interval (3.00 ± 2.20 months in IVZ and 2.12 ± 1.96 months in BVZ group; P = 0.41) were not significantly different.

Conclusion:

The visual and anatomical outcomes in terms of PED reduction in treatment-naive PCV patients were better in IVZ group compared with BVZ. IVZ monotherapy is a viable, cost-effective alternative in these patients with good safety profile.

KEYWORDS:

Intravitreal bevacizumab; intravitreal ziv-aflibercept; polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

PMID:
31238423
DOI:
10.4103/ijo.IJO_638_18
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