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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jul;67(7):1105-1108. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1364_18.

Comparison of ranibizumab alone versus ranibizumab with targeted retinal laser for branch retinal vein occlusion with macular edema.

Author information

1
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

To determine the effect of ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFFA)-guided targeted retinal photocoagulation (TRP) in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) with macular edema after intravitreal Ranibizumab (RBZ).

Methods:

33 eyes of 32 treatment naïve patients diagnosed as BRVO with macular edema were prospectively randomized to 0.5 mg Ranibizumab only (RBZ group) (n = 17) or Ranibizumab with UWFFA-guided laser (RBZ + TRP group) (n = 16). Both groups received three injections at monthly intervals and PRN henceforth. RBZ + TRP group additionally underwent UWFFA-guided TRP of peripheral capillary nonperfusion areas 1 week post injection. Outcome measures included improvement in visual acuity, central subfoveal thickness (CST), and the number of injections required with a minimum follow-up of 9 months.

Results:

Both groups showed significant improvement in mean BCVA (25.7 ± 8.19 letters, P < 0.001 vs. 23.38 ± 7.56 letters, P < 0.001; in RBZ and RBZ + TRP group, respectively) and reduction in mean central subfoveal thickness (379.12 ± 242.7 μm, P < 0.001 vs. 253.75 ± 137.9 μm, P < 0.001 in RBZ and RBZ + TRP group, respectively) at 9 months. The number of injections in the RBZ group (5.76 ± 1.3) was significantly greater than RBZ + TRP (4.06 ± 0.99) (P < 0.001). Both groups had significant improvement in contrast sensitivity and mean deviation on visual fields; however, the difference between the groups was not significant (P = 0.62 and P = 0.79, respectively).

Conclusion:

UWFFA-guided TRP reduced the number of injections of Ranibizumab in patients having BRVO with macular edema, while maintaining similar benefits in the improvement of BCVA, central subfoveal thickness without deleterious effect on the visual field, and contrast sensitivity.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF); branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO); macular edema; targeted retinal photocoagulation (TRP); ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFFA)

PMID:
31238421
DOI:
10.4103/ijo.IJO_1364_18
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