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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jul;67(7):1095-1100. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1238_18.

Optical coherence tomography angiography versus fluorescein angiography in diagnosing choroidal neovascularization in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy.

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Advanced Eye Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Punjab, India.



Diagnosis of choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) is difficult in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CCSC) due to overlapping features of both on conventional dye angiography. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) allows a quick and noninvasive detection of CNVM in these eyes. We compared the fluorescein angiography (FA) features of CNVM with those of OCTA to assess the role of FA in detecting CNVM in CCSC eyes.


Patients with CCSC undergoing FA, spectral domain (SD)-OCT, and OCTA were identified (March 2015-June 2015). Four retina specialists individually reviewed FA images (without OCTA and SD-OCT) to determine whether CNVM was present. In parallel, two other retina specialists reviewed all images (FA/SD-OCT/OCTA) for CCSC features and confirmed whether CNVM was present using OCTA as the gold standard. The inter- and intraobserver variability was measured by Kappa (k) coefficient. The FA features of CNVM were compared and correlated with those on OCTA.


Of 43 eyes (26 patients, mean age 45.6 ± 8.5 years, all males), a definite CNVM (detected by OCTA) was present in nine (20.9%) eyes. FA alone detected CNVM in 13 (30.2%) eyes [sensitivity 44.4% (95% confidence interval (CI): 11.9-76.9), specificity 73.5% (95% CI: 58.7-88.3), positive and negative predictive values 30.8% and 83.3%, respectively, and accuracy 67.44% (95% CI: 53.4-81.4)].


When compared with OCTA, the FA was unable to characterize CNVM in CCSC (with a very low sensitivity and moderate specificity) as none of the specific dye leakage patterns on FA correlated with CNVM seen on OCTA, limiting its usefulness and accuracy in detecting CNVM in these eyes.


Choroidal neovascular membrane; OCT angiography; chronic central serous chorioretinopathy; fluorescein angiography

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