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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jul;67(7):1016-1022. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1438_18.

Analysis of macular, foveal, and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in children with unilateral anisometropic amblyopia and their changes following occlusion therapy.

Author information

1
Consultant, Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Harakere, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
2
Consultant, Department of Cornea and Refractive Services Sankara Eye Hospital, Harakere, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
3
Registrar, Sankara Eye Hospital, Harakere, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
4
Fellow in Paediatric Ophthalmology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Harakere, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
5
Optometrist, Sankara Eye Hospital, Harakere, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.
6
School Screening Project Coordinator, Sankara Eye Hospital, Harakere, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

To analyze macular thickness (MT), foveal thickness (FT), and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (RNFLT) in children with unilateral anisometropic amblyopia and their changes following occlusion therapy.

Methods:

A prospective, longitudinal, and comparative study of 60 children aged between 5 and 18 years consisted of two groups, group 1: 30 children with unilateral anisometropic amblyopia; group 2: 30 normal children. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), a detailed ocular examination, spectral domain optical coherence tomography for MT, FT, and RNFLT in both eyes were done at visit one (baseline) and every 3 months for a year following occlusion therapy (initiated one month after first visit) in group 1.

Results:

Mean BCVA, MT, FT, and RNFLT in amblyopic eyes at first visit were 0.63 ± 0.405, 286.9 ± 6.522 μm, 195.90 ± 8.462 μm, and 100.87 ± 6.240 μm, respectively and at last visit after occlusion therapy were 0.50 ± 0.318, 248.9 ± 11.681 μm, 169.47 ± 10.941 μm, and 99.43 ± 5.722 μm, respectively. At first visit, mean BCVA, MT, FT, and RNFLT in nonamblyopic eyes (group 1) were 0 ± 0, 240 ± 10.447 μm, 159.27 ± 9.285 μm, 98.63 ± 4.723 μm and in normal eyes (group 2: average of right and left eyes) were 0 ± 0, 239.8 ± 4.294 μm, 143.6 ± 4.61 μm, 100.5 ± 2.895 μm, respectively.

Conclusion:

MT and FT, which were more in amblyopic eyes as compared to normal fellow eyes and group 2, decreased with improvement in BCVA after occlusion therapy. However, there was no difference in RNFLT between amblyopic eyes and normal fellow eyes and group 2 before and after occlusion therapy.

KEYWORDS:

Amblyopia; RNFL thickness; SD OCT; foveal thickness; macular thickness; occlusion therapy

PMID:
31238399
DOI:
10.4103/ijo.IJO_1438_18
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