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J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Jun 19. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001655. [Epub ahead of print]

Association Between Occupational Exposure to Disinfectants and Asthma in Young Adults Working in Cleaning or Health Services - Results From A Cross-Sectional Analysis in Germany.

Author information

1
Institute and Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany (Weinmann, Forster, Nowak, Radon, Gerlich); Comprehensive Pneumology Centre (CPC), German Centre for Lung Research (DZL), Munich, Munich, Germany (Weinmann, Forster, Mutius, Windstetter, Nowak, Radon, Gerlich); Dr. v. Haunersches Kinderspital, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany (Mutius); Paediatric Department, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany (Vogelberg); Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany (Genuneit); and Pediatric Epidemiology, Department of Pediatrics, University Medicine Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany (Genuneit).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To analyse the association of occupational disinfectants use with asthma and wheezing in young professionals.

METHODS:

365 participants from the German Study on Occupational Allergy Risks II aged 20 to 24 years and working in cleaning or health services answered a questionnaire on respiratory health, occupational exposure to disinfectants, and potential confounders. By logistic regression we calculated the association between duration of occupational disinfectants exposure and doctor-diagnosed asthma, current asthma, and current wheezing.

RESULTS:

Individuals exposed to disinfectants for more than twelve months had almost three times the odds of doctor-diagnosed asthma compared to those not exposed (OR: 2.99, 95% CI: 1.36-6.55).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings provide some further evidence for an association between occupational exposure to disinfectants and asthma, indicating that this association can be seen already after the first year of exposure.

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