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Invest New Drugs. 2019 Jun 24. doi: 10.1007/s10637-019-00811-6. [Epub ahead of print]

A phase I dose-reduction study of apatinib combined with pemetrexed and carboplatin in untreated EGFR and ALK negative stage IV non-squamous NSCLC.

Author information

1
Department of Thoracic Oncology, Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guoxue Lane, Chengdu, 610041, China.
2
Department of Thoracic Oncology, Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guoxue Lane, Chengdu, 610041, China. radyoulu@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Objective Apatinib is an oral small molecule anti-angiogenic drug. This phase I study aimed to establish the feasible dose of apatinib in combination with pemetrexed plus carboplatin as first-line therapy for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplasticlymphoma kinase (ALK) negative stage IV non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Using a 3 + 3 dose-reduction design, patients received oral apatinib at four dose levels: 750 mg qd, 500 mg qd, 500 mg/day two weeks on/one week off schedule (500 mg schedule 2/1) or 250 mg qd. Pemetrexed (500 mg/m2) plus carboplatin (AUG = 5) was administered every three weeks. Maintenance therapy by apatinib or pemetrexed could be carried on until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The feasible dose was determined based on cycle 1 dose-limiting toxicities (DLT); other assessments included safety and antitumor activity according to response evaluation criteria in solid tumors. Result A total of twelve patients were enrolled and cycle 1 DLTs were observed in two patients at 750 mg qd dosage of apatinib (both Grade 3 hypertension), two patients at 500 mg qd (Grade 3 hypertension and Grade 3 hand-foot syndrome), and only one of six patients at 500 mg/day schedule 2/1 (Grade 3 hypertension). The most frequently drug-related adverse events (AEs) were hematological toxicity, hypertension, hand-foot syndrome, and hepatic transaminases elevation. Partial response was observed in four patients of eleven evaluable patients (objective response rate 36.4%), and six patients exhibited stable disease (disease control rate 90.9%). Conclusion In patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC, the feasible dose of apatinib given with standard-dose pemetrexed and carboplatin was 500 mg/day schedule 2/1. The schedule was generally well tolerated and demonstrated promising clinical benefit in NSCLC.

KEYWORDS:

Apatinib; Chemotherapy; NSCLC; Phase I

PMID:
31231786
DOI:
10.1007/s10637-019-00811-6

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