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G3 (Bethesda). 2019 Aug 8;9(8):2609-2622. doi: 10.1534/g3.119.400345.

Next-Generation Sequencing Reveals Increased Anti-oxidant Response and Ecdysone Signaling in STAT Supercompetitors in Drosophila.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, NY.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, NY erika.bach@nyu.edu.

Abstract

Cell competition is the elimination of one viable population of cells (the losers) by a neighboring fitter population (the winners) and was discovered by studies in the Drosophila melanogaster wing imaginal disc. Supercompetition is a process in which cells with elevated JAK/STAT signaling or increased Myc become winners and outcompete wild-type neighbors. To identify the genes that are differentially regulated in STAT supercompetitors, we purified these cells from Drosophila wing imaginal discs and performed next-generation sequencing. Their transcriptome was compared to those of control wing disc cells and Myc supercompetitors. Bioinformatics revealed that STAT and Myc supercompetitors have distinct transcriptomes with only 41 common differentially regulated genes. Furthermore, STAT supercompetitors have elevated reactive oxygen species, an anti-oxidant response and increased ecdysone signaling. Using a combination of methods, we validated 13 differentially expressed genes. These data sets will be useful resources to the community.

KEYWORDS:

JAK/STAT; Myc; RNA-seq; cell competition; wing imaginal disc

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