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Metabolism. 1988 Jan;37(1):9-14.

Primary hypothyroidism in an adult patient with protein-calorie malnutrition: a study of its mechanism and the effect of amino acid deficiency.

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1
Department of Medicine, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

A man with diabetes mellitus, chronic hepatitis, chronic pancreatitis, and blind loop syndrome but without any previous thyroid disease developed three episodes of transient primary hypothyroidism associated with protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM). Clinical examinations suggested that this primary hypothyroidism was not caused by chronic thyroiditis, iodine deficiency, or iodine excess. Since the three times association of primary hypothyroidism with PCM suggested the possibility that the primary hypothyroidism was caused by PCM, we have tried to clarify its mechanism. For this purpose we have investigated the change of thyroid functions during protein-calorie repletion and the effect of amino acid deficiency. Total parenteral nutrition with full supplementation of amino acids resulted in a rapid increase in serum thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), free T4, and reverse T3, and subsequently, a rapid decrease in TSH in several days after the nutrition was begun. When amino acid solution was changed to that depleted of phenylalanine and tyrosine after the restoration of thyroid functions, serum T4 and T3 showed a gradual decrease, but serum free T4 and TSH remained within normal range. However, resupplementation of phenylalanine and tyrosine after 8 weeks of depletion gave a rapid increase in serum T4, T3, free T4, and reverse T3. These results suggested that the primary hypothyroidism was caused by an impaired T4 production and that the deficiency of amino acids in PCM partly contributed to the impairment of T4 production.

PMID:
3121981
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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